A new and deadly breed of fighters is taking shape in the secret
workshops deep in the American West: The Advanced Tactical Fighter F-22
and the Forward Swept Wing F-29. They will convey one message to the
enemy - the Retaliators are effective, deadly and meet the threats of
21st Century warfare.
Their pilots will have a dangerous mission; to penetrate bands of surface
to air missiles, destroy hostile AWACS and radar, launch ground strikes
at enemy resources, armies, installations and communication links, and
to break up hostile raids before they reach friendly territory. Their
bases will be under air and missile attack from H-hour + zero. They must
destroy four or more hostiles for every loss in order to survive and win.
Retaliator is a flight simulation program based upon two of the most
revolutionary aircraft designs ever conceived: The Lockheed F-22 Advanced
Tactical Fighter and Grumman F-29. The Grumman F-29 has been developed as
a technology demonstrator towards creating the ultimate fighter aircraft
and was a genuine contender for the USAF's new advanced tactical fighter
but is now unlikely to enter service as it was judged too risky and too
costly in terms of performance for the ATF. However new studies have
shown a forward swept wing STOVL (Short Take Off and Vertical landing)
multi-role supersonic fughter which could be feasible in the late 1990's
thanks to improved engine performance. The F-29 shows great potential
for the next generation advanced tactical fighter, around 2007 to 2012.
Background to the new ATF:
In 1979, the USAF first thought of a new advanced tactical fighter to
replace to F-15, whilst the Navy replaced the F-14. In 1981 the first
step towards a new fighter was taken when the ASD asked the American
aircraft developers "request for information", and their views on a new
aircraft to be called The Advanced Tactical Fighter. From studies on the
ATF it was clear that the most important attributes for it were: STOL -
Short Take Off and Landing
STEALTH - Radar invisible
SUPERCRUISE - Supersonic persistence without using any afterburner
In 1986 Lockheed, General Dynamics and Boeing announced an agreement
that they would team up to develop an ATF if one of their proposals was
selected. Two weeks later Northrop and McDonald Douglas announced a
similar arrangement. Two main designs had been picked for the fly-off
competition: The Lockheed F-22 and the Northrop F-23. The FSWX-29 by
Grumman was shut out at this stage. The first flight for the F-22 (which
is now the favourite contender for the ATF) was set for the Autumn of
1989 in California. Full production will commence in 1994 at a cost (in
1989 terms) of 60 million dollars per unit.
Technical Information on the F-22 and F-29 ATF:
The ATF flies at Mach 1.4 to 1.5 (930 to 1000 mph) on dry thrust with
full armament and cruise at a greater altiude than current fighters;
70,000 ft as opposed to 50,000 ft in the High Fast Sanctuary with less
threat against SAM's, and at supersonic speed covering the ground from
75% faster than a subsonic cruise type, reducing the fighters exposure
time by a factor of 3 in the shrunken danger zone.
The ATF combat radius is 700 to 920 miles - a significant increase over
the F-15. It would be able to take-off from a 2,000 ft runway or rough
surfaces and easier to maintain than the F-15. Being slightly heavier
than a F-15 (around 60,000 lbs), the ATF has the same wingspan but is
slightly longer to accommodate the extra fuel load. Great use is made of
wing to body blending like the F-16, SR-71 and B-1, again providing
more internal volume for fuel and weapons.
For its stealth capabilities the ATF is made with RAM (Radar Absorbent
Materials). It is also designed to reduce the radar cross section by a
factor of 100 compared to the F-15.
The engines are Pratt and Whitney XF-119 with vectoring and reversing
nozzles, having the advantage in all flight regimes as well as increasing
the manoeuvrability. Reversing nozzles remove the use of large air
The control surfaces (flaps, canards and rudders) and the vectoring
nozzles on the ATF work together under the control of powerful computers
to give the impression of flying a straight-forward simple plane. The
actual aircraft will be so complex and have so many flight modes the
pilot would not be able exploit them all. The pilot issues a command and
the system will interpret it, i.e if the pilot pulls back sharply on the
stick, the control system will first deflect the vectoring nozzles upward
and the MAW flaps (Mission Adapted Wing) downward, to rotate the fuselage
and start the aircraft into the manoeuvre.
The basic argumment for supermanoeuvrebility (the ability to turn at low
air speed at high G's within a very small radius) is that an aircraft
which cannot emulate such a manoeuvre can be prevented to bring its
weapons to bear.
MAIN SELECTION COMPUTER:
(Start up sequence)
1. The Enrol Data Bank
Here you enrol to the USAF and select your rank. The ranks available from
lowest to highest rank are as follows:
First Lieutenant - Captain - Major - Lieutenant Colonel - Colonel.
The higher the rank you select, the more variety of missions will be
available. More points are awarded to the higher rank for the same
mission as the game will be harder (see scoring). To return to the main
menu, press either return or clock on OK or Cancel with the mouse.
2. Choose your scenario
On this screen you are given the choice of four different locations.
Three of these locations will involve you in the wars that are taking
place in those areas. The four scenarios are:
You are assigned to the USAF Test Range Arizona where you will be given
the controls of the new ATF and the new F-29. The test range is
approximately 1000 sq miles and contain various targets and remote
control vehicles. This world is a true simulation of a hostile
b) The Middle East
Several F-22's and F-29's have been exported to a friendly Middle East
nation who are currently engaged in a fierce war with two other
countries. The friendly nations artillery is, however heavily outnumbered
although it is technically superior to its rivals. Consequently in order
to succeed three enemy planes must be destroyed for every one friendly
The War is on two fronts, with large tank battles to the South West and
artillery exchanges across the natural river boundary to the South East.
The ATF Squadron is based near the capital Tel-A-Von.
c) The Pacific Ocean
The startegically important volcanic islands of Solomos provide vital oil
supplies to the USA, and is the only deep sea port for 1000 miles in all
directions. A small military airstrip is located there with a squadron of
A military blockade by the enemy fleet has cut-off all support to the
islands, threatening the vital oil supplies to the USA and is ready to
invade the islands.
A task force from Guam led by USS JF Kennedy is steaming towards the war
zone with two squadrons of F-22's, F-18's and F-29's.
d) Europe 196 the Ultimate Battle Front
The diplomacy has failed and the world is about to plunge into another
world war: A full scale conventional war across the heartland of Europe
will begin. All airfields, installations, factories and towns will be
attacked and initial losses are expected to heavy on both sides.
The NATO forces have been mobilised and put on full alert, as have all
air bases with all squadrons being dispersed away from the vulnerable
bases. Mounting enemy activity has been reported near the border where
an estimated 9000 tanks and 3 million soldiers have amassed.
The enemy is expected launch a massive assault on key points along the
border and its airforces will plunge deep into your country crippling
Two enemy tank divisions have assambled along the border with huge
reinforcements being being drawn up from their rear flanks. The
situation will be critical if the enemy mobile tank divisions break
through the border defences as they will plunge deep into your territory
threatening the industrial complexes at Huttgart, Nurgen and Coberg.
To select your scenario press key 1, 2, 3 or 4.
3. View Sierra Hotel Pilots
This screen shows the top ten highest scores achieved by pilots. These
scores are saved automatically. Press RETURN or CLICK the OK button with
the MOUSE to return to the main menu.
4. View Pilots Log
The game disk is designed to store all of the statistics of one pilot e.g
his/her number of missions completed; name; rank; score and awards.
To clear this log press ESCAPE and all data will be erased for a new
pilots log. It is also cleared if the pilot is killed or retires.
5. Load Pilots Log
This loads up the previously saved log into the game.
6. Zulu Alert
Zulu Alert provides a quick entry into the game.
You are given unlimited weapons and begin a "shoot-em-up" game in your
selected scenario, starting in mid-air flight against a squadron of enemy
fighters. No points are awarded and no log information is saved to disk
as this is merely a practice exercise.
7. Mission Control
Selecting this option puts you into the mission control section of the
When entering Mission Control you are provided with the latest update
of the war situation in your chosen scenario (except American world)
with a detailed map showing the battle front and text describing the
latest events in the war. War updates are provided after every four or
so missions, dependent on your scenario.
Press RETURN to access the Mission Control option screen.
MISSION CONTROL SELECTION MENU:
1. Select Plane
Using the mouse, point the cursor on the panel below the plane you wish
to select; clicking once on the appropriate panel will select the plane
and return you to the Mission Control Menu.
2. Select Base
Using the mouse, point the cursor on an airfield located on the map.
Clicking with the button on an air base provides you with a text
description of the base and clicking again on the same base will confirm
this as your home base in the game; i.e starting location.
3. Select Armament
See Weapons and Stores
4. Choose Mission
Here you are provided with a selection of missions, the number of which
is dependent on three factors: your rank; your location and how long
into the war you are. Simply select a number.
5. Accept Mission
This puts the player directly into their chosen scenario. It is essential
that all aircraft, weapons, mission scenarios etc have been selected
prior to accepting a mission as the default status will be totally
inadequate for the scenarios you will be presented with.
On entering 3-D section of the game you are shown a welcome screen
appropriate to your location. Here you have the option to abort by
pressing escape and return to mission control. Any other key will start
At the end of the game wheter you fail or complete your mission, or are
killed ar retire you are returned to the main computer bank where you are
given a quick debriefing of the mission and your current statistics.
Pressing any key to continue will then return you to the mission control
WEAPONS AND STORES:
The F-22 and F-29 boast a wide and awesome variety of weapons. For air
to air and air to ground missions the weapons are selected by clicking
on the left mouse button over the appropriate weapon (to deselect,
click RH button). Both planes have a limited payload and are restricted
to 11000 pounds on the ATF and 9000 on the FSW.
Weapons are subject to availability, dependent on your base, location
and rank. Shortages will become likely further into the wars. Both planes
have seven pylons (the ATF has four external and three internal pylons
in a bomb bay to reduce drag).
MAXIMUM STORES PER PYLON (diagram)
WEAPON | | | | | | |
AIR TO AIR PYLONS: A B C D E F G
BACKWINDER-9X | 1 | | | | | | 1 |
AIM 9M-R SIDEWINDER | 1 | 1 | 1 | | 1 | 1 | 1 |
AIM 132 ASRAAM-N | 1 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 1 |
AMRAAM-120A | | 1 | 2 | | 2 | 1 | |
AIAAM-FIREBOLT | | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
| | | | | | | |
AIR TO GROUND | | | | | | | |
MRASM-AGM 109H | | | | 1 | | | |
ASLAM BDM | | | | 1 | | | |
CSW | | | 1 | 1 | 1 | | |
MAVERICK AGM-1 | | 3 | 3 | | 3 | 3 | |
EXTERNAL FUEL TANK | | | 1 | 1 | 1 | | |
TWIN GUN, 1760 ROUNDS
AIR TO AIR WEAPONS
AIAAM 196 Fire Bolt
Advanced interceptor, long range "fire and forget" air to air missiles.
These are the successors to the AIM 54 Phoenix and are probably the most
advanced and sophisticated missiles in the world with a true radar
Weight - 980 lbs
Range - 250 km (130 miles)
Speed - Mach 5
AMRAAM 120 A
Advanced medium range air to air missile "fire and forget" with active
radar homing known also as BVR (Beyond Visual Range) missile.
Weight - 326 lbs
Range - 50 km
Speed - Mach 4
Short range AAM is the latest and most advanced of the sidewinder family
with an imaging infra-red seeker. This builds a detailed image of the
target (similar to a Maverick) and isn't easily duped by counter
Weight - 190 lbs
Range - 11 miles
Speed - Mach 3
AIM 132 ASRAAM-N
Advanced short range AAM. This is a smaller and more agile than the
Sidewinder and has a advanced focal plane array homing radar (infra-red).
Weight - 156 lbs
Range - 9 miles
Speed - MAch 3
Rear mount short range air to air missile. A new weapon that overcomes
the problem of a rear firing missile system. It locks upon the attack
radar of the enemy fighter.
Weight - 180 lbs
Range - 6 miles
Speed - Mach 3
AIR TO SURFACE MISSILES:
MRASM, AGM-109H CRUISE MISSILE (also known as SOM'S - Stand Off Missiles)
A base line airfield attack missile with DSMAC II (digital scene matching
area correlation) guidance and carrying a heavy payload of 58 TAAM
(Tactical Airfield Attack Missile). Bomblets are discharged from upward
facing tubes along the fuselage. This is a launch and leave missile that
flies for a few hundred miles hugging the landscape and finally flies
with great precision down the centre line of the runway whilst ejecting
the bomblets causing a row of craters.
Weight - 2825 lbs
Range - 370 miles
Speed - 650 mph
ASALM (Advanced Strategic Air Launched Missile)
Effective against all form of surface target including those of the
highest degree of hardening. Also able to destroy AWACS type aircraft.
Weight - 3100 pounds
Range - 700 miles +
Speed - Mach 3.5 to 4.5
MAVERICH AGM 1 LASER AND TV
The latest generation of the Maverick family, the smallest of the fully
guided self-homing ASM's in use. An improved version of the AGM 65E,
Weight - 484 lbs
Range - 25 miles
Speed - Mach 1.6
CSW (Conventional Stand-Off Weapon)
Seen by the USAF as the best way to destroy hostile anti-aircraft
defence and armour moving behind the FLOT (Forward Line of Troops). It
can be distinguish between tanks and low value trucks or decoys and it
is smaller and much cheaper than the MRASM. It is fitted with a PLSS
(Precision Location Strike System) and has 20 warheads which separate
over an area homing in on particular targets.
These are especially effective against formations of tanks and armour.
Weight - 2700 lbs
Range - 30 miles
Speed - Mach 1.1
NOTE: Standard NATO Ground Forces have FOF devices (Friend or Foe), so
earial launched "smart weapons" avoid them, such as the CSW and other
The enemy vehicles in Retaliator have a dark-grey camouflage, whilst your
own forces are green/brown. Enemy Battleships are also dark-grey. To
differentiate between enemy and friendly aircraft, only enemies show on
your radar. Similarly, the FOF (Friend or Foe) system prevents you from
launching a missile upon a friendly airborne target.
Note: there are 3 tanks in a battalion, and 3 planes per squadron.
All missions will only be deemed complete when your aircraft has
completed the mission and landed safely at an appropriate base.
ARIZONA TEST RANGE MISSIONS:
Mission 1: Hit the two canvas targets in Sector 7B.
Mission 2: A convoy of retired trucks are moving along the east-west
highway. Destroy all trucks in sector 8A-8H.
Mission 3: Hit the freight trains on the rail-line in Sector A3.
Mission 4: Destroy the SAM sights and their radar control station in
Mission 5: Hit the Test Bridge in the Yuscon firing range and avoid the
electronic SAM simulators located in the area F8.
Mission 6: Engage the Drone MIG 29B Fulcrum Fighters in your vicinity.
Two must be destroyed.
Mission 7: Attack the mock-tank formations crossing the Nevada Plains
in Sector 3A.
Mission 8: Destroy the industrial complex in Sector 1C.
Mission 9: Destroy the airbase in Sector 4C and the main runway; drone
fighters are located at this base.
Mission 10: Destroy the enemy command centre, avoiding the complex SAM
network located in Sector 1E. This is perhaps the most
difficult mission on the North American test range.
NOTE: If you destroy any unauthorised targets or civilian property, you
will be liable to court material! (see America.iff for the map !!)
War Update 1
Two bandits have been located in Sector 4D closing in on your island
base. Engage and destroy.
The enemy has launched an aerial attack on the oil refinery on Vejan
Island (Sector 8D). Repel the enemy and destroy at least three fighters.
An enemy battleship has been detected in Sector 4G. Launch a surprise
attack using NSRAM Missiles, avoiding its radar network and destroy the
Hit the enemy oil storage depot on the island of Zahiti (Sector 1D).
War Update 2
The enemy fleet has launched a full scale amphibious attack on Troy
(Sector 8E) with at least ten landing craft landing on the North Shore.
These are escorted by a squadron of fulcrums. You must destroy the
Intelligence reports two Enemy Frigates are closing from the South in
Sector 3B to reinforce the Red fleet. Give them a surprice welcome.
3. "Deep Heat"
The Leonid Brezhnev fleet carrier has retreated from the Enemy fleet
but has launched a long range strike force closing in on the Solomos
Islands located in Sector 4B. Engage all three hostile aircraft and
The gigantic Enemy Super Tanker Azov has to be crippled in a surprise
retaliator strike in Sector 4G. MIG's provide aerial cover.
War Update 3
The Battleship New Jersey has stormed into the scene as two Enemy
cruisers, the Kresta 2 and Admiral Zozulya, have engaged her. Provide
aerial cover againstincoming MIG's and engage the cruisers in Sector 7H.
The enemy has finally launched a full scale attack on Solomos with ten
plus ships to the south, barraging the southern coast. Scramble and
destroy the four MIG's providing aerial cover for the fleet and hit any
3. "Strike BAck"
The US fleet has arrived in Sector 5H, steaming towards your island
bastion led by the carrier JF Kennedy. Launch a counter strike at the
Eenemy fleet, avoiding SAM's whilst the MIG's engage the US Task Force.
Destroy at least two ships and return to base.
You must attack and destroy the vital enemy gas plant and refinery on
Zahiti in Sector 1D.
War Update 4
The Leonid Brehznev has been sighted in Sector 1G, with a support ship.
Locate and destroy.
2. "Flight Back"
A fierce Enemy counter-strike has sunk three US ships and threatens the
JFK. Provide air support and destroy the two Enemy Battleships in
War Update 5
A meeting between the two fleets has been arranged to discuss peace
terms on tthe Enemy battleship Lenningrad, in Sector 4B. Provide an
aerial patrol to enforce an exclusion zone a MIG, as intelligence
reports a sabotage attempt will be imminent......
(Look at PACIFIC.IFF for the map!!!)
MIDDLE EAST MISSIONS:
War Update 1
Destroy the tank brigade (3 tanks) crossing the border in Section 5A.
Two MIG's are closing in on your base sighted in Sector 6F. Engage and
Destroy the radar tracking station in Sector 4D to provide an aerial
Destroy the roadbridge in Sector 3F to hamper the enemy reinforcements.
An enemy armoured column of at least six trucks and four tanks is
advancing up the highway in Sector 4C. Stem the advance and obliterate
Launch a deep strike attack on the enemy airfield in Sector 2H.
War Update 2
Hit the industrial works in Sector 3B which provides ammunition to the
The power station in Sector 2F, east of the city needs to be knocked out.
Refer to your War Update Map before commencing this mission, as it will
inform you of the whereabouts of two grey enemy tank battalions which are
leading an assault. Destroy these six enemy tanks and return to base.
Destroy the tracking station in Sector 4A.
Destroy the enemy oil refinery in Sector 1F with your primary target, the
three oil holding tanks.
War Update 3
Three enemy fighters are closing in on the capital. Break up the raid,
destroy all fighters and return to base. Move to Sector 5E to engaga.
Two continuing tank battles are occuring along the front-line. Stem the
enemy divisions. Refer to War Update Map on computer for the battle
You must locate and demolish the rail-brigade in the lower Sector of 3B.
Lac Mi-El tank farm in Sector F1 is assembling Russian T-80's
imported in from Russia. Raze the complex to the dround.
War Update 4
Information is sketchy at this time, but it is believed a large enemy
road convoy is located around the vicinity of Sector 1D. This comprises
of over 10 trucks and tanks. You must locate this convoy and destroy.
A large scale aerial force is massing over enemy territory and moving
towards the capital. Their target is uncertain but you must destroy
four bandits and hold them away from your base. vector south to
Destroy the chemical processing plant in Sector 1C, believed to be
developing chemical weapons.
The greatest tank battle of the war is raging (refer to War Update Map),
with all reserves being drawn up. Provide aerial support and destroy
eight plus tanks.
War Update 5
Miscon has lifted the restriction on bombing the enemy capital in
Sector 1B and surrounding installations, and has made the international
airport in Sector 2A its primary target. Destroy the main runway and
return to base.
Destroy the steelworks in Sector 1D, south west of the city, but make
sure to avoid any damage to the Red Cross hospital based in the compound.
The enemy has thrown everything into a new strike. Fresh Enemy armour has
been deployed to the front line (see War Update Map) and is overwhelming
the exhausted armoured divisions. Provide aerial support and smash the
lead tank battalion.
The road and rail networks have been badly damage consequently
jeopardising supply routes. Shortages to the front line are threatening
our positions, so you must provide aerial cover for a massive convoy
moving from Tel-A-Von to the front line against impending MIG attack.
This takes place in Patrol Sector 7G.
War Update 6
The situation is critical with all three countries industries smashed.
The massive El Alamein factory (Sector 1A) is the sole productive enemy
plant. Avoid the fierce SAM systems and destroy the complex.
The forces on both sides are reaching exhaustion as the war is becoming
a war of attrition. Fanatical enemy tank brigades in the relevant sector
(see War Update Map) are causing havoc with our resisting ground forces.
Destroy the four leading tanks and the supply vehicles.
The heavily pounded enemy air-forces have gathered from unknown runway
strips and are launching perhaps their last full-scale attack of the
war. Vector south to 4G to engage and destroy all Bogies - number
War Update 7
On this day the war reaches its climax with the outcome unknown. A
secret or special range of missions will exist in this final chapter of
(Look at MIDDLE.IFF for the map!!!!)
War Update 1
1. "MIG Cap"
Zulu Alert: two incoming MIG's closing in your base. Search, engage and
destroy. This is not a drill - repeat - this is not a drill.
2. "Bomb Cap"
Three enemy bombers are closing in on your base at low level, escort
provided. Vector 30 degrees for Bogey - engage and destroy.
Two SU-27 Flankers are crossing the border and are zig-zagging towrds
Huttgart )Sector 8A). Engage and destroy.
4. "Tom Cat"
Three plus bandits are providing aerial support for advancing enemy
mobile divisions along the border in Sector 4D. Engage and destroy.
Provide close aerial support against advancing Red army tanks for the
armygroup centre in Sector 6D, near Ziepen. Destroy the two tank
brigades (6 tanks).
Two enemy mobile divisions are engaging the British Seventh Centurion
Tank Division in the north of the country. Stem the advance and destroy
the leading brigade in Sector 8D.
Provide an aerial corridor along the southern border section by
destroying the three enemy SAM sites and radar site near the Stein
river in Sector 3D.
In order to stem enemy rear movements and hamper rear supply lines, your
primary target is the key bridge Liepen in Sector 5E.
The road convoys towrds the front from Frunsroure, across the Liepen
bridge, must be destroyed (Sector 8F).
10. "Linebacker III"
This is a deep strike retalitory mission against the Red Army airfield
of Tranevora, in particular against its main runway and hanger areas in
War Update 2
Destroy the bridge in the northern section on the Stein river
2. "Four Star"
Destroy the enemy supply dumps in Sector 2F.
3. "Big Ear"
Destroy the radar tracking station and the SAM emplacement near-by
4. "Deep Throat"
The enemy air force has been scattered to regional bases across their
country. Miscon has detected a large enemy presence near an airstrip in
Sector 3H. Destroy any airborne hostile and the runway.
5. "Strike Out"
The enemy has launched its biggest bombardment of the war against all
air force bases. Five plus bandits are closing over the border -
heading unknown. Intercept and destroy. Vector to Sector 2C.
6. "Tin Can Alley"
Provide close air support for allied tank forces against a massive anemy
assault. Destroy the two leading enemy battalions (6 tanks). Refer to
War Update Map for battle location.
War Update 3
Destroy the vital road bridge in Sector 8C, to prevent enemy supplies
reaching the front.
Large enemy convoys are rallying towards the front. A massive amount
of armour is moving west in Sector 8G, with pontoons providing river
crossings. Destroy the convoy and return home.
3. "Snake Eye"
Fierce tank battles are continuing in various sectors (see War Update
Map), with French and British Northern Tank Divisions holding their
ground. Provide air support against three MIG's and destroy the leading
enemy tank brigades in both battles.
The enemies massive industrial complex in Sector 5H provides machine
parts for the Red Army war machine. Destroying this complex will cause
great shortages to the enemy.
5. "Lights Out"
Cripple the riverside power station in Section 5H, destroying the cooling
towers which will disrupt enemy productivity.
A large number of allied interceptors have been downed by a Enemy MIG 29
Hunting Squadron. The three ace fighters are operating from the Alps in
Sector 1D. This mission is self-explanatory!
War Update 4
1. "Operation Wolf"
A new squadron of MIG 29-C Fulcrums gave been located zig-zagging across
the border towards Nurberg. Intercept in Sector 5C and break the pack up.
A ferocious string of land battles has left the front line NATO forces
exhausted, with two fresh Warsaw Pact tank divisions engaging them
(refer to War Update Map for location). Halt the enemy attack and destroy
at least ten tanks.
3. "Operation Thunderbolt"
Decimate the chemical factory in Sector 7H and its two storage tanks.
4. "Operation Bear"
Attack the arms factory in Sector 2H, avoiding the SAMs located nearby.
Constant convoys of rail freight are arriving hourly on the rail-lines
from east to the enemy capital and the battle front. Destroy the
rail-line and any trains in Sector 4H.
A squadron of enemy flanker bombers have destroyed several allied storage
depots near the front line and are closing in on the international
airport in Sector 7A. Engage and destroy.
War Update 5
The Red armies' second air force has reinforced the depleted first army
and has launched the biggest aerial assault yet seen in the war, with
six squadron of fighters causing havoc to NATO ground forces. Provide
aerial cover for Huttgart around Sector 7B against three closing MIGs.
2. "Venus 2"
Provide aerial cover from Nurbergs industrial complexes against the
ominous threat of the squadron of three MIGs in Sector 4B.
The massed NATO ground forces are now beeing pinned down by this new
surge of Enemy aerial dominance. Provide aerial cover for the Second US
Tank Corp in the relevant sector (refer to War Update Map) and destroy
any opposing tanks.
Launch a deep strike attack on the last main enemy bridge in Sector 7H
to cloak the enemy rear guard action.
The massive tank factory in Sector 8H is primary target. Rip out the main
The huge storage depot in Sector 8H, conveniently located between a
hospital and a church, has fuel for the Warsaw Pact armies. Destroy a
storage tank and return home.
War Update 6
The hardest mission so far: hit the centre line of the international
runway in Sector 6H and engage any scrambled bandits. Avoid the dense
SAM belts to the west of the base.
A rag-tag formation of fighters is closing over the border, towards your
home runway and intelligence believes cruise missiles may be carried on
board. Intercept and destroy enemy hardware in this battle zone.
3. "Man Hunt"
The remnants of two massive armies are clashing in the relevant sector
(see War Update Map). Destroy enemy hardware in this battle zone.
The nuclear power station south-east of the enemy capital is your target.
Destroy the cooling towers and main building, avoiding the reactor plant.
This will plunge the enemy into a total black-out in Sector 7H.
A train carrying new tanks to the front has been located by satellite in
Sector 7H. Prevent the tanks from ever reaching the battlefield.
A heavily defended aircraft factory in Sector 8H has remained unscathed
so far, and is producing large numbers of enemy aircraft. Destroy the
(Look at EUROPE.IFF for the map!!!!)
War Update 7 (the final update)
Your three missions are: No. 1 Savior; No. 2 Retaliator and No. 3 Hour
These missions are all secret to protect the outcome of the war - refer
to War Update Map.
Pressing this key once will place the systems into eject mode. This
allows you 3 seconds to confirm by pressing the key a second time,
which will then eject you from the plane. If the key is not pressed
within the 3 seconds, all systems will revert to normal mode.
Note: this key is also used as an 'escape' key on the menu selection
screens to abort/cancel any inputs.
This gives you the cockpit view/display.
This gives you the view from the inside rear of the craft.
This gives you the view from the left side of the aircraft.
This gives you the view from the right side of the aircraft.
This gives you an overhead view, taken as from a satelitte positioned
at approximately 80,000 FT. Your aircraft is always at the centre point
in this view.
This gives you a fixed south-facing view from outside the aircraft.
This gives you the facility, when using an exterior view, to zoom-in
towards your aircraft.
This gives you an exterior view of the aircraft from the rear.
These keys act as toggles between the three different modes on each
of the three MFD displays. See Instrument Description Section.
Pressing this key gives an instant thrust of 100%. This is usually used
on high-level flights only.
These keys increase and decrease revs/thrust.
This key toggles the electronic counter-measures system. See Instrument
CHANGE TARGET LOCK
This key will toggle the lock your missile has on a particular target.
If there are, say, three enemy targets on the screen, pressing this key
will alternate the lock-on between each of the three targets.
Pauses the simulation at any time during flight.
Pressing this key will cycle through all of the weapons systems you have
available on-board. In this cycle there will be the facility to revert
to the normal HUD display - 'non-armed' mode. The weapon you select will
be automatically armed and ready for launch.
This key will toggle between manual flight and autopilot - see
Instrument Description section.
This key toggles Stealth mode on or off. See Instrument Description
This toggles flaps in or out. See Instrument Description section.
This toggles between lowering and retracting the landing gear. See
Instrument Description section.
This toggles the HUD display on or off. See Instrument Description
These keys will defer to the chosen control at any stage during flight.
This key cancels the lock your weapon may be holding on a target
This key 'freezes' all cockpit displays when pressed, although functions
will continue as normal. All ESSENTIAL displays will remain visually
active. Press this key again to unfreeze.
This toggles the brakes on or off. See Instrument Description section.
This key emulates the Joystick Fire/Mouse LH buttons and fires the
appropriate weapon, if armed. Note: with certain wepaons, it is
necessary to wait for them to fix a lock on to a target - an appropriate
symbol will appear in the HUD: See HUD diagram.
This will automatically recover you from any bad stalls, rools, etc. and
will level your craft out.
This releases the Chaff. This effectively 'blinds' enemy radar and
This releases a flare (decoy), used primarily to divert infra-red-guided
DIRECT FLIGHT CONTROLS
Cursor-up key/Joystick up/Mouse up - Lower the nose
Cursor-down key/Joystick down/Mouse down - Elevate the nose
Cursor-left key/Joystick left/Mouse left - Bank Left
Cursor-right key/Joystick right/Mouse right - Bank Right
Space-bar/Joystick fire/Mouse Left Button - Launch/Fire
ESC - EJECT (Press twice)
- F1 - Front - F6 - South facing
Inside | F2 - Rear Outside | F7 - Zoom in
cock- = F3 - Left plane = F8 - Zoom out
pit | F4 - Right | F9 - Behind
- F5 - Satellite - F10 - North facing
1 - MFD 1 F - Flaps toggle
2 - MFD 2 G - Gear toggle
3 - MFD 3 H - HUD toggle
8 - Supercruise J - Joystick
- - RPM - K - Keyboard
+ - RPM + X - Break lock
E - ECM on/off C - Cockpit on/off
T - Change target lock B - Brakes toggle
P - Pause M - Mouse
A - Autopilot Toggle - Weapon selection
S - Stealth toggle - Fire/Trigger
- Break lock - Level wings
* - Supercruise mode (100% Thrust)
- - RPM -
+ - RPM +
. - FLARE
0 - CHAFF
1 - MFD 1
2 - MFD 2
3 - MFD 3
THE NEXT GENERATION COCKPIT SYSTEM (ECOP) INSTRUMENT DESCRIPTION:
1 - 4: Flight Surfaces and controls panels which are also colour coded
and act as damage control panels.
1. The Auto-Pilot
This key turns auto-pilot on or off. When operative the light is on
green. The auto-pilot flies you on your last setting, but does not avoid
high ground and mountains.
When your plane is on the ground the brake key turnsthe landing gear
brakes on and off - in the air it turns the air brakes on or off. When
the air brake is extended or the gear brake is on, the brake light will
appear green. If the brake light is red then the brakes are not
operative, or are damaged. If you exceed 70 rpm on the ground whilst
brakes are engaged, you will incur damage to the landing gear.
The flap key turns the wing flaps out and in. When the flaps are out,
the aircraft slows down, gains lift and reduces stall speed. When out,
the green Flaps light will appear. High speeds can rip off the flaps if
they are extended out, causing serious wing damage above 360 mph. A
yellow light will warn you if you exceed 260 mph. Fatal damages are
indicated in red text.
4. Landing Gear
The green landing gear light will appear when the gear is out and in
the landing position. When gear is retracted the light is out. If you
exceed 320 mph you will fatally damage your gear if it is out and at
240 mph a yellow caution light will appear. If this occurs, you should
either raise your gear or slow down to prevent any further damage. A
red light indicates fatal damage or failure to your gear.
5 - 9: Systems Analysis
5. Master Arm Light
This lights up when a selected weapon is armed and ready for launch (see
6. Stall Light
A stall occurs when the wings angle of attack becomes too acute.
Unstable air flows over the wings surfaces and reduces lift which
generally causes the nose to drop. Stall speed varies in different
circumstances depending on the aircrafts flaps and attitude.
The F-22 and F-29 computer system recovers from stalls automatically -
all you need do is level out and bring your pitch back to normal.
7. RPM Bar
This shows the amount of thrust being applied. Each small bar represents
10% increments of thrust. To increase and decrease thrust press the
thrust key (see keyboard). More thrust consumes fuel quicker.
8. The Fuel Bar
This shows the amount of fuel left in the three internal fuel tanks of
each plane. This is represented in increments of 1000 lbs for each small
bar shown (if external fuel pods are carried the fuel in these is spent
first and then the empty tanks ejected).
9 - 15: Warning Indicators (Yellow 196 Caution, Red 196 Danger).
If there is an engine fire this light will flash red - it is not
recoverable and the pilot must eject.
10. Fuel (low)
If the level of fuel is below 2000 pounds a yellow caution light will
appear. If below 500 pounds a red flashing light will appear and below
200 pounds a solid red light and a message will appear on the HUD.
The engine warning light will appear a cautionary yellow if the RPM falls
below 50% in flight or if partial engine damage has occured. If severe
engine damage occurs, the light will flash red and the pilot will have
to eject. Partial (yellow) engine damage allows you to limp back to base,
but can get worse if left unchecked. A solid red light represents turbine
If you fly below 500 ft a yellow altitude warning ligt will appear;
below 200 ft a red light will show.
If the radar is damaged partially or is faulty, a yellow caution light
will appear. If it is totally damaged or destroyed a red light will show.
14. WEP (Weapon Damage)
If the weapon system is damaged or jams on one particular weapon, the
warning light will appear appropriately.
15. COM (Communications)
If any communication faults occur, a yellow warning light will appear.
If these faults are fatal (and irreparable) a red light will appear.
NOTE: The F-29 and F-22 have a computer self-diagnostics test and in
some cases are able to track down and repair faults.
(only yellow caution faults). E.g. some problems on RAD, WEP and COM
can repair automatically.
Various text information is provided on this display, eg: the type of
enemy missile approaching, etc.
17 - 22: ENEMY THREAT PANEL
If a lock is fixed on your plane by enemy radar this light will apear.
You can attempt to break the lock with ECM and chaff, abd shut down to
WHen an enemy missile launch occurs then there is a large bright
flashing launch light.
19. RWR (Radar Warning Reciver)
This has a fixed range of 24 miles and shows any threaths, i.e SAM's
and enemy planes (it is a crude horizontal radar).
When an object appears on this and is behind your plane then an audio
signal also sounds.
NOTE: RWR still operates in "Stealth" mode, as it receives but does not
When the onboard ECM equipment detects a Fansong signal (Russian SAM
Radar Signals), you are presented with a yellow steady missile "threat"
light and audio tone. If you are detected and the enemy radar has a
target, the missile warning light will flash and the tone warble.
You have limited radar cloaking and can appear radar invisible if you
fly slowly and low and reduce all radar emissions from your craft, i.e
radar shutdown. You can still be detected visually but it is a lot safer.
An indicator shows how vulnerable you are to radar emission.
Note: The radar and maps have a freeze mode, displaying a target and
its position whilst all radars are shut down.
22. ECM (Electronic Counter Measures Radar Jammer)
When activated the ECM light appears. The ECM "blinds" radar guided
missiles and stops them homing in on your plane. The ECM works better
at long range.
23. Engine Ignition Light
When the engine is powered up this light is activated until RPM reaches
24 - 32 The Multi Function Display Units.
24 - 26: MFD 1
This provides present flight details for fuel, RPM, Speed and Altitude.
25. Weapon Selection Screen
This shows the number od weapons and type; which weapon is armed and
selected and it also shows the amount of Chaff and flares remaining.
26. BVR Radar
The Beyond Visual Range Radar is used for the medium and long range
air to air missiles. It provides extra range than the horizontal radars
and shows distant enemy aircraft.
27 - 29: MFD 2
27. Forward Looking Radar
This gives a detailed infra-red display of the front of the plane
providing data on the type of a plane, its bearing and speed, whilst in
28. Missile FLIR and TV
This provides a cockpit display of what the CSW, Maverick, MRASM and
ASALM sees via TV and forward looking infra-red cameras. This is relayed
directly to the cockpit showing the missile closing in on its target in
29. Horizontal Indicator
This provides the pilot with information of the plane's roll from left
to right and at what angle it is banking.
30 - 32: MFD 3
30. Horizontal Situation Radar
This radar provides a cross section view of the plane and all the area
around it, with a variable range indicator. This radar provides
locations of SAM's or enemy planes within its 40 mile range.
31. Satellite Radar (Moving map display)
This shows a digital map of the world, 40 miles around you. It provides
terrain locations of all enemy bases, factories and road/rail networks.
32. MMD (Moving map display with direction finder)
This is a computer generated display above the moving map which shows
the directions of the plane with a line indicator.
The Head-Up Display (HUD)
The HUD can be toggeled on and off (see keyboard). This will show you
on a constant basis: heading, air speed, altitude, "G-loading", weapon
selected and number of weapons remaining and the flight equipment
currently in use. Other symbols that will appear when appropriate are:
gun sight and missile sights. (for this look at HUD.IFF)
See COCKPIT.IFF for layout details.
SIMPLE CONTROL OF YOUR ATF:
Here follows a very breif outline of how to land, takeoff and, in simple
terms, control your aircraft. For a more in- depth view on the function
of other equipment, such as flaps, brakes, etc, please refer to section
headed, 'Instrument Description'.
1. Start and build thrust up to 50%.
2. Release brakes and steer slowly along the strip.
3. Increase thrust to 80-90% to eventually attain a takeoff speed of
approximately 200 MPH.
4. Pull gently back on the 'stick', which lifts the nose. After the
plane lifts off the ground, retract landing gear before you exceed
To achieve 'level' flight, the pilot raises or lowers the nose until the
Ladderbar (in the HUD) shows 0 degrees.
The amount of lift generated on the craft is dependant upon your
airspeed. Reducing speed reduces lift, making the craft descend - without
lowering the nose. Increasing speed elevates the craft.
Represented on the HUD, this informs you of the gravitational force
exerted upon yourself and the game, which varies according to speed and
angle. If the G-Loading exceeds about 8, you will be subjected to
'Blackout'. If the G-Loading is -3, or less, then you will be prone to
'Red-out', as the blood rushes to your head.
The most common way of inducing these G ratings is by generating a very
steep-banked turn at great speed, the combination of which will result
in the aforementioned blackout. If you straighten out immedialtely after
a very highangle, high-speed ascent, then you will cause a minus G-force
which may result in a Red-out.
The maximum altitude of the ATF is 75,000 feet (which is the approximate
height of the generated satellite view). To attain the required height
to evade radar detection, you need to fly at between 200 - 300 FT above
the ground or the sea level (dependant on the enviroment you are over).
Partrayed on the HUD, the ladderbar indicates the angle of your aircraft
in relation to the horizon. Hence, the zero level indicator indicates
'level' flight. Note that the Ladderbar Pitch Lines are always horizontal
to the horizon, IE, when you roll, the Ladderbar will change angle
accordingly in the HUD. The Ladderbar is shown in increments and
decrements of 10 degrees.
1. Straighten the craft using the centreline of the runway as a
reference. Maintain a speed of around 300 MPH and a height of
between 1500 - 2000 FT. Lift the nose slightly to maintain level
2. On approach, descend down to around 300 FT and reduce airspeed to
around 200 MPH, lowering your flaps. It is advisable to lower your
landing gear at this point. Remember to keep the centreline of the
runway directly ahead of you, IE your central focal point of
3. When your wheels touch the runway, reduce the throttle to zero and
push forward on the joystick in order to lower the nosewheel down
to the ground.
4. Apply the brakes and when the craft stops completely, the mission
you have just undertaken is complete.
In this simulation, there is no automatic promotion. It is up to your
discretion to decide whether you are skilful or experienced enough to
promote yourself to the relevant rank.
Your achievements will be based on the rank you have selected. If
1 st. Lt. is taken as the 'base' rank, Captain will be awarded twice as
many points for the mission; Major, three times; Lt Col., five times and
Colonel seven times as much. It must be borne in mind, though, that the
higher rank you select, the more difficult will the mission be to
Scores are given after each mission and Awards (if applicable) after
each War Update. Different missions will attain different scores - you
will be awarded proportionally more points the further you progress into
1. PURPLE HEART - awarded if injured or killed in action.
2. AIRMANS MEDAL (AM) - awarded after War Update 1.
3. DISTINGUISHED FLYING CROSS (DFC) - awarded after War Update 2.
4. SILVER STAR (SS) - awarded after War Update 3.
5. AIRFORCE CROSS (AFC) - awarded after War Update 4.
6. MEDAL OF HONOUR (MOH) - awarded after War Update 5.